Almeida, Francisco de

(1450?-1510)
   One of the most notable conquistadores and empire builders of Portugal's early Asian empire and the first viceroy of Portuguese India. Having served the Catholic kings in the Granada campaigns, Almeida was also a skilled navigator-sailor. In 1505, King Manuel I dispatched Almeida to Portuguese India as the first viceroy, with a fleet of 21 ships and about 1,500 soldiers. A ferocious and cruel fighter, Almeida fought his way up the coast of East Africa and along the west coast of India. In early February 1509, Almeida's fleet annihilated a Muslim fleet in the harbor of Diu, ensuring Portugal's naval supremacy in the Indian Ocean for more than a century, one of the more decisive naval engagements in world maritime history. Having served as viceroy successfully during 1506-09 when replaced by Afonso de Albuquerque, under orders from King Manuel, Almeida obstinately refused to step down. Orders from Portugal arrived via a fleet in India in October 1509, and Almeida was forced to accept the fact of his dismissal. On his return to Portugal, when landing near the Cape of Good Hope, Almeida was killed in a skirmish with Africans.
   See also Diu, Battle of.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Almeida, Francisco de — ▪ viceroy of India born c. 1450, Lisbon, Portugal died March 1, 1510, Table Bay [modern Cape Town, South Africa]       soldier, explorer, and the first viceroy of Portuguese India.       After Almeida had achieved fame in the wars against the… …   Universalium

  • Almeida,Francisco de — Al·mei·da (äl māʹdə), Francisco de. 1450? 1510. Portuguese colonial administrator who was the first viceroy of the Portuguese possessions in India (1505 1509). * * * …   Universalium

  • Almeida, Francisco de — ► (1450 1510) Virrey portugués en la India en 1505 09. Proporcionó a Portugal el dominio de la ruta marítima de la India …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francisco De Almeida — Francisco De Almeida (né vers 1450 à Lisbonne, mort le 1er mars 1510 près du Cap), militaire et explorateur portugais, était le vice roi des Indes portugaises chargé de l expansion du commerce dans l océan Indien …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Francisco António de Almeida — (fl. 1722–1752) was a Portuguese composer and organist.From 1722 to 1726 he was a royal scholar in Rome. In 1724, Pier Leone Ghezzi drew his caricature, describing him as a young but excellent composer of concertos and church music who sang with… …   Wikipedia

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  • Francisco de Almeida — A portrait of Francisco de Almeida in the National Museum of Ancient Art. Dom Francisco de Almeida (Portuguese pronunciation: [fɾɐ̃ˈsiʃku dɨ aɫˈmɐjðɐ]), also known as the Great Dom Francisco (born ca. 1450 at Lisbon; died March 1, 1510 at… …   Wikipedia

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